Sustainable forestry practices suffice to preserve the vast majority of all existing forest biodiversity. Native tree species are the keystone of forest ecosystems, providing food and habitat for the majority of our native species. Creating structural variation in forests helps to reinforce the positive impact of biodiversity protection. Leaving retention trees and dead trees in forests guarantees a secure habitat for thousands of deadwood-dependent species.
Even so, there are a number of specialized species that need a stable habitat with minimum disturbance. In total, about 130,000 hectares of our forests areas are set aside for conservation purposes. These protected areas vary from habitats covering a fraction of a hectare to larger conservation areas covering a wide range of different habitats. The total number of set-asides is nearly 45,000. The breakdown by country is: Finland 76,000; USA 18,000; and Uruguay nearly 36,000 hectares. We promote voluntary nature conservation both in company-owned and private forests.