Forest owner's guide to the environment

Forest owner can easily promote the biodiversity and wellbeing of the forests. Forests grow renewable and recyclable raw materials for useful products, and by using our forests responsibly, we can help generate more ecological, social and financial benefits for Finland. Our specialists have put together a list of ways how to contribute biodiversity easily.


Leave buffer zones
around water bodies.

Leave decaying wood in the forest.

Grow mixed forests.

Leave buffer zones
around water bodies.

Leave some permanent retention trees on harvesting areas. Retention trees create diversity in the forest structure, provide a habitat for many species and produce sturdy deadwood material as they decay. Correct selection of their location also makes them useful for landscaping purposes.

Leaving trunks to decay in the forest is an economical and effective nature management measure. Both standing and fallen sturdy deadwood trunks are important forest structure elements for the biodiversity of various species.

Mixed forests are an excellent choice. A mix of deciduous trees in coniferous forests promotes biodiversity and improves productivity. It is also good to retain some less widely spread tree species, such as rowan, goat willow and southern broadleaved trees.

Leave buffer zones around watercourses and small waterways when felling trees and working the soil. This protects waterways from nutrient and solid matter runoff and promotes biodiversity and landscaping in forests.

Retain valuable habitats.

Promote living conditions
of game species.

Protect water bodies

Promote recreational use of forests.

Retain the original features of valuable habitats. By excluding valuable habitats from commercial use, you can secure the viability of species that are rare and require a highly specialised environment.

Take the living conditions of game species into account in forestry management. Leaving game thickets to grow when tending seedling stands, and retaining undergrowth and ecotone zones in felling areas are good, economical ways of accomplishing this.

Ensure protection of water bodies. Appropriate and proportionate water resource conservation measures protect watercourses from impacts of forestry operations. Examples of such solutions are excavation breaks, sludge pits and surface runoff.

Keep hiking trails and paths in a good condition and consider their surroundings as much as possible when planning forestry operations. Follow all planning regulations when operating in an area covered by a town plan.

Certify your forest

Forest certification benefits the environment. By following forest certification requirements, you can promote forestry that is financially, socially and ecologically sustainable and responsible. There is always demand for certified wood in the market.