Towards a CO2 neutral future

UPM’s energy strategy is based on CO2-free and neutral energy sources. We have built strong expertise in the generation of renewable energy, efficient use of energy and in market operations for fuels, electricity and emission allowances.

UPM's Biofore strategy responds to climate change in many ways

Our main contribution is the Biofore strategy, the core of which is replacing fossil materials with renewables, maintaining and enhancing forests as carbon sinks and continuously increasing resource efficiency.

Below are a few examples of how our actions and products limit the negative effects on the climate and help societies and ecosystems to adapt to climate change: 

Sustainable forest management

  • We ensure that our most important resource, wood, grows in sustainably managed forests, which act as carbon sinks
  • We enhance highly biodiverse ecosystems that are less vulnerable to the effects of climate change

Responsible production

  • We make more out of less by enhancing resource efficiency   
  • We utilise the best available techniques to ensure sustainable production patterns
  • We constantly increase our use of renewable and low emission energy in our operations

Renewable and recyclable products

  • We replace non-renewable materials with renewable materials and create products that are real carbon sinks
  • We develop innovative new products and businesses to meet future demand

​Watch our climate videos: Forests - Energy efficiency - Innovations

June 13, 2017

Boosting the biofuels industry

The biofuels industry is full of promise. New EU legislation, breakthrough technologies and increasing demand for biofuels and biomaterials in global markets are building solid foundations for the future development of the industry.

June 15, 2017

How do we cut CO2 emissions in transport?

To fight climate change, the EU Commission presented a new legislative package in November proposing that CO2 emissions are cut by at least 40% by the year 2030. In Finland, the focus is on reducing transport sector emissions by increasing the use of biofuels.

Cleaner fuels and increased energy efficiency reduce air emissions

The majority of UPM’s airborne emissions result from energy generation. The choice of fuels, combustion technology and flue gas purification are ways to reduce these emissions.

The quantity and quality of air emissions depend on the amount of steam produced at power plants or boilers, on the operating rate of the machines and the fuels used.

Biomass-based fuels that are free from fossil CO2 emissions account for 69% (2017) of the fuels used by UPM. Boilers using biomass-based fuels, oil and coal are equipped with filter systems. Compliance with permit limits is continually measured at all power plants and the reliability of these measurements is verified by a third party.

Increasing energy efficiency creates a basis for lower energy consumption and for reducing the emissions caused by energy generation. Choosing the right fuels, combustion technology and flue gas purification methods is a way to reduce these emissions.

​Possible air emissionsSource​​Reduction measure
​Carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, small amounts of particles and organic compounds
  • ​Energy generation at power plants; emission parameter depends on used fuels
  • ​Minimised by effi cient purifi cation, by the choice of fuels and by controlling the combustion conditions in the boilers
​Odour from malodorous sulphur compounds TRS (total reduced sulphur)
  • ​Chemical pulp production
  • ​Reduced by collecting and burning
​Odour from decomposing of organic substances
  • ​Closed-circuit water systems (e.g. through high temperature and anaerobic conditions)
  • ​Measures taken at mill sites when needed
  • ​Production facilities, e.g. wood handling, debarking, suction pumps
  • ​Controlled at the source or along its propagation
  • Minimised at the stage when new equipment is being acquired and new facilities constructed
  • Older plants systematically refitted with sound insulation systems

Carbon footprint - a tool for evaluating the impact of products and activities on climate change

A carbon footprint is a method used to measure and communicate the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted both directly and indirectly in the production and delivery of goods and services.

Raw materials, energy consumed and transportation are the main elements used to calculate the carbon footprint of a product.


Opportunity or threat?

Every now and then I’m asked whether climate change is an opportunity or a threat for UPM. It is self-evident that global warming with unpredictable effects is a big challenge for mankind and that we need to monitor and control industrial development. It is equally self-evident that the only way to reach remarkable results is to mobilise as many nations as possible.