Resource efficiency

Resource efficiency is at the core of our Biofore strategy. We use renewable forest biomass responsibly and efficiently. The circular economy model creates new business opportunities for us, as it links together environmental targets and economic goals.


Our Biofore strategy is based on the sustainable use of renewable and recyclable raw materials. We consume raw materials, water and energy responsibly, and we strive to optimise our energy, production and cost efficiency.

Our pulp mills produce more energy than they use, and they provide CO2-neutral electricity to the Nordic and Uruguayan markets. Our recovery boilers produce energy by burning black liquor, a side stream from the chemical pulping process. The black liquor consists of cooking chemicals and dissolved wood materials that are left over after the cooking of wood chips. In the causticising phase following the recovery boiler, the cooking chemicals are recovered for reuse.

We optimise the efficiency of our papermaking processes by minimising losses and landfill waste and improving our effluent treatment. The water circulation of our paper machines is controlled, meaning that the water is circulated multiple times during the process. Only a small portion of this water leaves the process as effluent. Our most water-intensive production plants are in areas where there is plenty of water available. In Finland, all fresh water we need is sourced from natural lakes and rivers. We aim to use only recycled nutrients in our effluent treatment by 2030.

In a nutshell, resource efficiency means:

  • Using natural resources as efficiently and productively as possible – creating more with less
  • Transitioning from non-renewable to renewable resources

  • Incorporating environmental goals early in the product design phase
  • Reducing the environmental footprint of our products
  • Increasing the recyclability of products and raw materials


Aiming for an even more efficient paper mill


Improvement and inspiration through the Biofore Site