Wood from certified sources - a sustainable choice

Forest certification is an excellent tool to promote sustainable forestry. It is based on standards drawn up during an open stakeholder process, implemented through forest management practices and verified by an independent third party. All wood supplies to UPM are covered by third-party-verified chains of custody.

Assurance that wood originates from well-managed forests

The forest certification process is designed to provide independent verification to buyers and users of forest-based products that the wood raw material used for the products they buy is legally sourced and originates from sustainably managed forests.

Certified forests are to meet clearly defined prescribed standards and criteria of sustainability, which are defined in open and transparent stakeholder processes. System audits are conducted by independent third-party verifiers.

Forest certification is an effective tool to combat deforestation and illegal logging. Wherever applied, it promotes good governance, due diligence and social justice. However, the sustainability challenge remains considerable as globally only about 10% of the world’s forests are certified. Every effort should be made to increase the amount of certified forests worldwide.

PEFCTM and FSC® advocate sustainable forest management worldwide

The two main global forest certification schemes are the PEFC™ (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification) and the FSC® (Forest Stewardship Council).

With FSC® UPM has signed a global strategic partnership on the 16th of May 2017 to develop solutions for advancing the uptake of FSC in the market. Read more on upm.com.

Both the PEFC and FSC are international, non-profit, non-governmental organisations dedicated to promoting legal and sustainable forest management through independent third-party certification. Moreover, both have internationally agreed principles to ensure that timber is produced with respect for the highest ecological, social and ethical standards.

From an ecological point of view, there are no major differences between PEFC and FSC. PEFC-based schemes are more common in non-industrial, private and small-scale forests whereas FSC is more common in large-scale forestry.

All UPM forests and units are PEFC- and/or FSC-certified

UPM’s forest certification rules set the basis for the use of forest certification as a tool to promote sustainable forest management practices in forestry and wood sourcing activities.

Knowing the origin of the wood is a fundamental prerequisite for responsible wood sourcing. The traceability and certified CoC systems ensure that the origin of wood is always known, the wood originates from legal and sustainable sources, and that the amount of certified wood is properly documented. In 2017, of all wood and wood fibre used in UPM’s production units, 85% was certified.

Management categoryUPM rules​*)Controlled wood/Chain of Custody​Forest certification​UPM  Biodiversity Programme
​UPM owned forests​100%​100% PEFC and/or FSC​100% PEFC and/or FSC​100%
​UPM managed forests as an asset management service100%​100%​94% PEFC and/or FSC​Promoted
​UPM wood sourcing area100%​100%​Majority under PEFC and/or FSC​Promoted
​*) ​ ​UPM rules can be downloaded here.

UPM CoC and Forest management certificates can be found from UPM's Certificate Finder.

From biofore.com
JAN 8, 2018

UPM develops forest certification together with its stakeholders

Forest certification is an important part of UPM’s corporate responsibility. All UPM forests and plantation operations are certified according to the FSC® and/or PEFC™ certification schemes. The wood supply chain is also certified from forests to mills. This applies to all wood sourced by UPM.

From Biofore.com
MAY 17 2017

Global partnership agreement with FSC®: a natural part of UPM’s responsibility strategy

UPM has published a global partnership agreement with FSC. Entering into a partnership agreement with this international organisation is a logical step for UPM as it strives to develop and promote the standardisation of the industry as well as best and responsible forestry practice.

​UPM actively engaged in promoting and developing forest certification mechanisms

The majority of the privately owned forests under UPM management are certified by the PEFC in Finland, and by the FSC and PEFC in Uruguay. UPM offers private forest owners PEFC and FSC group certificates in Finland and FSC in Uruguay.

Over the years UPM has actively participated in updating and developing forest certification standards and standardisation processes. UPM maintains that credible forest certification schemes and standards have to be based on internationally accepted principles of sustainable forestry, and local circumstances are to be taken into account in criteria setting. Moreover, criteria have to be clear, objective and measurable. The standards must allow cost-effective implementation, and the verification has to be carried out by an independent third party. The standard setting processes should be open and consensus-seeking by nature, and rest on balanced stakeholder participation.

How does forest certification work?

Forest certification systems cover the forest product chains from the forest to the end-use.

​ They consist of the following three processes and elements:
1. ​Forest management certification​A process of verifying the compliance of forest management practices against standards and criteria for sustainable forest management through independent third-party assessments.
2. ​Chain of custody (CoC) certification ​Independent third-party verification of the quality of the origin of wood tracing system used to monitor and report the volumes of certified wood, in relation to the criteria of a CoC standard. Certified CoC systems provide mechanisms of traceability, an information link between the wood raw material included in the product and its origin. The CoC verifies that the wood originates from certified forests, that it is legal and doesn't come from controversial sources. Each participant along the supply chain must be CoC-certified to ensure complete traceability. 
3. ​Usage of logos and labels ​A tool to communicate the certification status of logs, pulp, paper, sawn timber and other wood-based products.


UPM promotes FSC forest certification in Finland

UPM actively co-operates with FSC both internationally and in Finland to increase the use of FSC-certified wood in its production processes.

PEFC, an effective environmental movement

PEFC has changed attitudes, competencies and procedures. This forms a strong base for building a new, sustainable bioeconomy.

Responsible sourcing benefits people, society, environment and business

The Responsible Sourcing Rules and UPM Supplier Code steer our sourcing operations.

UPM receives top scores in WWF UK timber scorecard

The scorecard looks at companies’ practices and policies in relation to sustainably sourced timber and timber products, against a backdrop of increasing deforestation.