The transportation of raw materials and finished products places a stress on the environment. The impacts can be reduced through optimised routing and by favouring rail and sea transportation and low-emission fuels.
Each year our mills receive several million tonnes of raw materials, additives and operational supplies. Delivering end products to customers also results in a high traffic volume. Furthermore, solid waste needs to be transported to recovery and disposal facilities. In total, UPM delivers approximately 1.2 million truckloads (c. 25 tonnes each) of products and raw materials around the world every year; that is, one load every 27 seconds.
UPM uses road, rail or sea transport – depending on distance, connection and delivery time. Of all our deliveries, 65% are transported by rail and road and 35% by sea (2017).
The majority of UPM’s haulage is handled by contract partners who are required to comply with UPM’s Cargo Handling Manual which includes instructions for cargo handling, storage, transportation and occupational health and safety.
In addition to wood sourcing, transportation and logistics have a significant socio-economic impact on rural areas around the UPM mill sites.
The total external workforce includes 4,144 harvester drivers, 4,255 truck drivers and 394 railroad workers (2017). The number of entrepreneurs and companies involved is 601. Looking at UPM global scale, this – together with purchases from the forest owners – results in significant support for local livelihoods in rural Europe, USA and Uruguay.
Each year, UPM makes approximately 1.3 million product and raw material transportations across the world. We do our best to make the deliveries cost-effective and environmentally friendly. Approximately two thirds of all UPM deliveries are made by rail or road and one third by ship.
The Finnish Kotka and Helsinki ports play a key role as UPM products from four sawmills are exported around the world. Customers need to receive the sawn timber at the right time for the right end use in a reliable manner. Long distances require good cooperation with logistics suppliers. One of them, Steveco Oy, provides UPM with forwarding, conveyance and stevedoring services.