UPM, one of the world's leading forest products companies, was established in autumn 1995 when the Kymmene Corporation and Repola Ltd and its subsidiary United Paper Mills Ltd decided to merge. The new company started its operations May 1, 1996.
|UPM has a long tradition in the Finnish forest products industry. The group's first mechanical pulp mill, paper mills and sawmills started operations at the beginning of the 1870s. Pulp production began in the 1880s and paper converting in the 1920s with plywood production starting the following decade. |
The present group comprises approximately 100 production facilities which were originally functioning as independent companies. Among others, the following companies were merged into the group: Kymi, United Paper Mills, Kaukas, Kajaani, Schauman, Rosenlew, Raf. Haarla and Rauma-Repola's forest industry operations.
The oldest of UPM's mills, Papeteries de Docelles, is located in northeastern France. This was already making quality handmade paper at the end of the 15th Century. The first paper machine for this mill was acquired in the 1830s.