Forest-based industries have a significant role in promoting sustainable development

UPM is committed to forest management and forest harvesting practices based on the internationally accepted principles of sustainable forest management. The objective is to create long-term profitable business in an ethical and responsible manner, taking into account economic, human and social, as well as environmental matters.

Safeguarding forests for future generations

Forests are one of the Earth's most valuable resources. They provide a source of shelter, food and energy for both wildlife and human beings, playing a key role in biological diversity. They also capture carbon from the atmosphere and have an important role in the Earth’s hydrologic cycle.

Sustainable commercial forestry is one of the solutions to the Earth's major environmental issues. Global forest loss is a key factor in extinction among the wildlife and a significant contributor to global warming. Sustainable forestry has an opposite effect on these problems.

Responsible operations start with the origin of the wood raw material

Wood biomass is the basis for all UPM businesses. UPM’s wood sourcing operations are closely integrated with UPM businesses using wood as a basic raw material. UPM sources all wood assortments to ensure optimal utilisation of wood as a raw material. The wood is mainly sourced from UPM-owned forests, from UPM-managed forests and from private forests where UPM has bought logging rights.

UPM monitors and verifies the origin of wood raw material and wood supply chains. The company requires that its suppliers implement responsible business practices which are consistent with the UPM Code of Conduct and the company’s policies and rules.

UPM does not source wood from protected areas where harvesting is prohibited by the authorities, or from any other area harvested contrary to the authorities’ instructions.

UPM requires that wood supplied by and to UPM:

  • is not from protected areas where harvesting is prohibited by the authorities
  • is not harvested or supplied contrary to the authorities’ instructions
  • is not genetically modified
  • is not from a CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna) listed species
  • is not tropical mixed hardwood
  • is not from tropical rainforests
  • is not from plantations converted from untouched natural forests after 1994

Furthermore, UPM requires that:

  • energy wood is not from peatland that is first-time ditched after 2007
  • there is no conversion of tropical rainforests
  • the production and sale of wood is not directly financing armed conflicts 

Focus areas and targets

Forestry rules

Supplier requirements

Policies and commitments

In accordance with the UPM Code of Conduct and responsibility principles, the objective is to create long-term profitable business in an ethical and responsible manner, taking into account economic, human and social, as well as environmental matters.

UPM is committed to forest management and forest harvesting practices based on the internationally accepted principles of sustainable forest management. UPM is also committed to the basic principles of FSC®, PEFC™ and SFI forest certification schemes. UPM observes the legislation and statutory regulations of each country where it operates.

Social licence is one key element in sustainable forestry. Based on forest certification requirements and UPM policies, local stakeholders are engaged and their needs and rights taken into account. There are no indigenous people in the areas where UPM operates, but UPM has tested FPIC (FSC; The right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent) as one of the social responsibility studies.

Sustainable forestry focus areas

UPM operates both in semi-natural forests and in tree plantations. ​The strategic fundamentals and cornerstones of UPM forestry operations are the following:

​ ​The strategic fundamentals and cornerstones of UPM forestry:
Wood - Ensure responsible wood supply
  • UPM knows the origin of wood
  • UPM uses advanced forestry methods
  • UPM will not harvest or accept wood from tropical rainforests
  • UPM will not convert natural forests into plantations​
Climate - Maintain carbon sinks
  • UPM regenerates all harvesting sites
  • UPM manages forests as carbon sinks
Water - Protect waters
  • UPM protects waters in its operations
  • UPM will not establish plantations in water-stressed areas
Biodiversity - Enhance biodiversity
  • UPM enhances biodiversity through forest management practices
  • UPM protects biodiversity hot spots
People - Respect and engage stakeholders
  • UPM utilises high-level working and safety standards
  • UPM listens to stakeholders and communicates transparently
  • UPM respects the rights of local communities