Forests are one of the Earth's most valuable resources. They provide a source of shelter, food and energy for both wildlife and human beings, playing a key role in biological diversity. They also capture carbon from the atmosphere and have an important role in the Earth’s hydrologic cycle.
Sustainable commercial forestry is one of the solutions to the Earth's major environmental issues. Global forest loss is a key factor in extinction among the wildlife and a significant contributor to global warming. Sustainable forestry has an opposite effect on these problems.
Wood biomass is the basis for all UPM businesses. UPM’s wood sourcing operations are closely integrated with UPM businesses using wood as a basic raw material. UPM sources all wood assortments to ensure optimal utilisation of wood as a raw material. The wood is mainly sourced from UPM-owned forests, from UPM-managed forests and from private forests where UPM has bought logging rights.
UPM monitors and verifies the origin of wood raw material and wood supply chains. The company requires that its suppliers implement responsible business practices which are consistent with the UPM Code of Conduct and the company’s policies and rules.
UPM does not source wood from protected areas where harvesting is prohibited by the authorities, or from any other area harvested contrary to the authorities’ instructions.
UPM requires that wood supplied by and to UPM:
Furthermore, UPM requires that:
In accordance with the UPM Code of Conduct and responsibility principles, the objective is to create long-term profitable business in an ethical and responsible manner, taking into account economic, human and social, as well as environmental matters.
UPM is committed to forest management and forest harvesting practices based on the internationally accepted principles of sustainable forest management. UPM is also committed to the basic principles of FSC®, PEFC™ and SFI forest certification schemes. UPM observes the legislation and statutory regulations of each country where it operates.
Social licence is one key element in sustainable forestry. Based on forest certification requirements and UPM policies, local stakeholders are engaged and their needs and rights taken into account. There are no indigenous people in the areas where UPM operates, but UPM has tested FPIC (FSC; The right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent) as one of the social responsibility studies.
UPM operates both in semi-natural forests and in tree plantations. The strategic fundamentals and cornerstones of UPM forestry operations are the following: