The transportation of raw materials and finished products places a stress on the environment. The impacts can be reduced through optimised routing and by favouring rail and sea transportation and low-emission fuels.
Each year our mills receive several million tonnes of raw materials, additives and operational supplies. Delivering end products to customers also results in a high traffic volume. Furthermore, solid waste needs to be transported to recovery and disposal facilities. In total, UPM delivers approximately 1.2 million truckloads (c. 25 tonnes each) of products and raw materials around the world every year; that is, one load every 25 seconds.
UPM uses road, rail or sea transport – depending on distance, connection and delivery time. Of all our deliveries, 68% are transported by rail and road and 32% by sea (2015).
The majority of UPM’s haulage is handled by contract partners who are required to comply with UPM’s Cargo Handling Manual which includes instructions for cargo handling, storage, transportation and occupational health and safety.
In addition to wood sourcing, transportation and logistics have a significant socio-economic impact on rural areas around the UPM mill sites.
The total external workforce includes 5,916 harvester drivers, 4,839 truck drivers and 791 railroad workers (2015). The number of entrepreneurs and companies involved is 1,155. Looking at UPM global scale, this – together with purchases from the forest owners – results in significant support for local livelihoods in rural Europe, USA and Uruguay.
UPM has reformed its sea traffic structures and partnerships in order to maintain a high level of cost efficiency. Improvements in logistics directly affect the competitiveness of Finnish production and the demand for Finnish products.
UPM is one of the first Finnish companies piloting the use of HCT vehicles. The first permit for a HCT timber truck was granted to UPM’s transport contractor Orpe Kuljetus. It drives wood raw material to and from UPM mills and terminals in Eastern Finland.