Fray Bentos pulp mill


The UPM Fray Bentos mill began operating in Fray Bentos, Uruguay, in November 2007. It is located on the banks of the River Uruguay, four kilometres east of the city of Fray Bentos. It produces bleached hardwood eucalyptus pulp suitable for manufacturing fine paper, magazine paper, tissue paper and carton boards.

The pulp is taken from the mill by barge to the deep-sea port of Nueva Palmira to be loaded onto transatlantic vessels bound for Europe and Asia.

Forestal Oriental, a subsidiary of UPM, supplies the wood raw material to the mill. Around 70% of the raw material comes from its own plantations.

The mill utilises the best available technology. The National Environment Directorate (DINAMA), the company itself and the mill’s Environmental Monitoring Committee carry out environmental monitoring of the mill. . Results of the water quality, air quality and effluent monitoring are published on our web pages. You can find the most recent reports on our environment page. According to several studies, it has no harmful impact on the environment.

The operations employ several thousand people directly and indirectly.

Production capacity

• 1,300,000 tonnes of plantation-based hard wood eucalyptus pulp a year
• Start-up in 2007


• Quality Management System ISO 9001
• Environmental Management System ISO 14001
• Occupational Health and Safety Management System OHSAS 18001
• Chain-of-Custody Standard FSC

The construction of the Fray Bentos pulp mill caused a dispute between the governments of Uruguay and Argentina. In April 2010, the International Court of Justice in The Hague (the ICJ) gave its final judgment in the Argentina vs. Uruguay case finding that Uruguay had not breached its substantive obligations. The ICJ did not find any evidence of the Fray Bentos mill polluting the Uruguay River. Following the judgment of the ICJ, Uruguay and Argentina have agreed on a joint bi-national monitoring of the Uruguay River and industrial facilities along the river.